1. Rubbing, backing brush (horse tail hair)
    Use it when striking down on the paper.
  2. Glue brush
    Use it to apply the paste. Pig’s hair
  3. Glue brush
    Use it to apply the paste. This is mainly used when applying the starch paste.
  4. Fine-point brush
    Use it to apply paste in narrow locations. It is convenient to use for repairs, etc.
  5. Printing brush
    Mainly for dyes, such as when stenciling.
  6. Water brush
    Use it to apply water or to wash the paper with water. It is also used for sizing the paper.
  7. Stroke brush
    For paper and paper backing.
  8. Beating brush
    For the backing.
  9. Uzukuri, from the top; Palm's bark,straw's root, horse tail hair.
    Originally for luster of wood, where there is a need for strong rubbing.
  10. Small broom from the top: hemp palm and pig’s hair
    For cleaning the tabletop.
  11. Guilder's brush
    For removing debris and applying gold leaf.

[Knives and hardware] 

  1. Leather knife
    For cutting thick leather.
  2. Cut-out knife (curved blade) 
    For cutting paper or core material.
  3. Cut-out knife (straight blade) 
    For cutting paper or core material.
  4. Leather paring knife (round blade)
    Use to thin the cover leather. It was originally used for carving Buddhist statutes.
  5. Leather paring knife (straight blade)
  6. Carving knife (semicircle)
    To punch out a semicircle for rounding corners, etc.
  7. Line punch
    Use to punch a line which a ribbon or flat cord is passed through.
  8. tracing wheel
    Use to make a fine dotted line.
  9. Awl
    For marking.
  10. Awl (Choumeuchi)
    For expanding holes.
  11. Bookbinding awl
    Use to make holes for bookbinding.
  12. Prick punch
    For marking.
  13. buttonhole chisel
    Use to make a line by hand. Wide blade.
  14. buttonhole chisel
    Use to make a line by hand. Narrow blade.
  15. Scissors (Steel)
  16. Pincers
    Used for gripping and pulling things.
  17. Stitching punch
    This tool is struck to make holes for more efficient stitching.
  18. Natural whetstone (finishing, rough)
    Used to sharpen cutting tools. It is not mined much now.
  19. Sewing scissors
    For cutting cloth.
  20. Paper knife
    Use to cut a paper roughly. It has round tip and not very sharp blade.
  21. Nigiri scissors ( Traditional Japanese  scissors)
    Used for fine work like cutting thread and detailed cutting.

[Spatula, measures] 

  1. Kujira jyaku (Tradsittional Japanese Measure)
    Used for Wasai (Kimono making), and made out of Banboo.
  2. Kane jyaku (Tradsittional Japanese Measure)
    Use in construction.
    The old bookbinding used Kane jyaku. The unit of Kane jyaku is Syaku, which is the old Japanese measuring unit. One shaku is about 303 mm.
  3. Measure (metric system)
    Nowadays, we use the metric system.
  4. Bone folder for Wasai made from cow bone.
  5. Bone folder for Wasai made from cow bone.
  6. Bone folder for Wasai made from cow bone.
    4 to 6: Japanese sewing spatula, use to mark a kimono cloth. They come in various sizes and are made of cow bone, ivory, etc.
  7. Bamboo tweezers
    Made of bamboo. Used for holding gold leaf.
  8. Bamboo spatula
    Use to lift up and smooth a paper. Also use to cut a gold leaf.
  9. Japanese cypress spatula
    This spatula is made from straight-grained Japanese cypress. There is no elasticity even if it absorbs water,
    and used mainly for applying lacquer undercoats. Also used for filtering paste, etc.

[Mallets, etc.] 

  1. Wooden block
    Use to hold down or align papers. It is made of Japanese evergreen oak, which is relatively hard and heavy.
  2. Hyo-shigi (wooden hammer)
    Mainly used as a hammer, made of Japanese evergreen oak.
  3. Mallet
  4. Tile hammer
    Square head hammer, for tapping to stabilize and press the sewed papers.
  5. Gen-nou (Hammer)
    curved hammerhead, mainly for making rounded spine.


  1. Wakugi sennen (1,000-year Japanese nails)
     This nail is displayed as a sacred object in the household Shinto altar by craftsmen.
    It is said that the forged nail keeps the condition for thousand years.
    Therefore, mainly craftsmen displays the nail for as a talisman against natural disasters.